Réseau Bastille editorial,editorial-recent Encore à propos de la démocratie directe

Encore à propos de la démocratie directe

Passe le temps mais pour les salariés, pas question de « tourner la page » du combat contre la loi sur les retraites. Les sondages confirment le rejet total de Macron.

Hier, le Président « osait » aller au « contact » du peuple lors de ses déplacements, dorénavant, avec ou sans casseroles, les manifestants sont tenus à distance. Lorsque le 8 mai il remonte les Champs Élysées, la police a vidé les avenues… Macron est isolé et même traqué, et cependant, il poursuit sa politique néolibérale. Violence sociale, violence tout court.

Il cherche à rassurer la bourgeoisie en présentant un plan de « réindustrialisation ». Du vent avec… d’énormes subventions pour le capital.

Une récente étude du « Figaro » indique que les « classes moyennes » ont basculé dans l’opposition totale à Macron : dans ces conditions, il semble difficile pour les appareils syndicaux de commencer à jouer la musique de la division. A la vérité, dirigeants politiques, syndicaux ne savent comment mettre un terme à cette mobilisation. Une fois de plus, ils se tournent vers… l’Assemblée Nationale. La LIOT va déposer une loi « abrogeant » la retraite à 64 ans… Cette petite initiative parlementaire a peu de chance d’aboutir et, cependant, le gouvernement est fébrile, déniche un article qui permet d’interdire le débat. Un scandale démocratique de plus.

La loi adoptée à la hussarde du 49,3, pour l’heure, a mis en échec les salariés mais ils ne sont pas défaits.Loin s’en faut. A la base, unis comme jamais, les militants ne lâchent rien, poursuivent les ministres en déplacement : le pays est en ébullition et l’inflation rogne les salaires. La vie devient encore plus difficile pour des millions d’actifs et retraités. Un citoyen sur six a du mal à se nourrir… Il faut raison garder mais force est de constater que, dans les profondeurs, la société enrage.

Nul ne sait ce qui peut advenir. Ni le Président, ni la Première Ministre ne savent quoi faire. C’est une situation inédite. Militants, salariés se parlent à la base, réfléchissent, s’organisent pour agir. Mais l’heure de l’auto-organisation n’a pas encore sonné or c’est la question politique déterminante. 

Pour l’emporter, les militants doivent organiser… l’auto-organisation des plus larges masses. S’auto-organiser pour écouter, discuter : au bout du bout, c’est l’exercice de la démocratie directe par opposition à la démocratie prétendument « représentative » qui doit devenir la règle. A une crise politique il faut une réponse politique. Elle ne passe pas par la préparation… de futures élections, ni par une « grève générale » imaginaire ! Il faut impérativement travailler à une alternative programmatique.

Cette nécessité n’est pas une affaire française. Elle vaut dans tous les pays ravagés par le néo-libéralisme.

La démocratie directe est la véritable démocratie qui élabore, rend des comptes, élit, confirme ou révoque. Ce n’est pas seulement l’enseignement de la Commune de Paris, c’est une stratégie révolutionnaire actuelle. La démocratie directe ouvre la voie à la possible constitution d’un gouvernement d’urgence écologique, social : un tel gouvernement nationaliserait immédiatement tous les groupes dans l’énergie, l’eau, etc., les industries qui doivent être mobilisées pour lutter efficacement contre le réchauffement climatique. Ce gouvernement abrogerait les lois liberticides qui permettent à la police d’agir en toute impunité. Il faut évidemment travailler pour élaborer un tel programme stratégique alors que la crise mondiale du néo-libéralisme bat son plein.  

Alerte ! Il est possible que la situation française, européenne soit directement impactée par la débandade financière qui a commencé de l’autre côté de l’Atlantique : quelques-unes des plus grandes banques régionales en faillite doivent en urgence passer sous contrôle… gouvernemental ! Aux USA, le capital nationalise les pertes. L’inquiétude dans les cercles dirigeants augmente, d’autant que des « répliques » ont déjà éclaté en… Suisse (UBS) et en Allemagne (Deutsche Bank)… alors que les Républicains et Biden s’affrontent sur le budget, l’ampleur proprement gigantesque du déficit, de la dette.

Dans une chronique internationale publiée par « Les Echos », l’économiste Stilitz pronostique des lendemains qui ne chanteront plus pour les « marchés », donc, les peuples.

Nul ne sait de quoi sera fait demain.

Il est un domaine que nous abordons rarement : la Barbarie se manifeste par l’explosion du trafic de drogue jusqu’aux petites villes. Chaque gang veut défendre « son » marché, en gagner d’autres : les fusillades se banalisent. La kalachnikov fait loi dans les quartiers où les populations les plus pauvres sont reléguées. Le capitalisme se révèle incapable de garantir la sécurité car le gouvernement mobilise la police contre les salariés et laisse la violence s’installer. C’est pain béni pour l’extrême droite qui désigne un responsable : les étrangers, les immigrés. L’extrême droite de l’extrême droite manifeste, agresse les élus qui résistent comme à St Brevin. Seul l’exercice de la démocratie directe peut combattre avec efficacité ces dangers réels pour la Liberté, les libertés.

Notre réunion consacrée à L’Ukraine, à la mobilisation contre Poutine a été un succès.

Notre site commence à être visité par plusieurs centaines. C’est une tribune pour le débat. N’hésitez pas.

C.J.

47 commentaires sur “Encore à propos de la démocratie directe”

  1. Commentaire de Michel Panthou.
    Aborder la discussion sur Démocratie directe et démocratie « parlementaire » est fondamental mais très compliqué car nous n’avons aucune expérience de l’une et de l’autre. Ni dans le mouvement des retraites, ni dans les grands mouvements des dernières décennies, 68 inclus, nous n’avons connu des exemples significatifs de démocratie directe (mouvement étudiant à de rares périodes et GJ?). Sans ces embryons de démocratie directe on voit un immense mouvement qui se répand, se concentre à certaines dates mais ne sait où aller et donc risque de retomber dans l’impasse électorale. Nous ne sommes pas en guerre civile et pourtant les éléments qui résistent y compris au sein de l’appareil d’État sont les « vestiges » du passé de ce qu’autrefois on appelait la puissance sociale de prolétariat et de ses conquêtes. Il existe au sein de ceux qui se mobilisent un grand respect de la légalité bien davantage répandu dans les couches qui la subissent que dans la mince couche de ceux qui l’imposent et c’est pourquoi on a tous entendu des réflexions du type « si Macron démissionne qui à sa place, ce sera le RN » et même « ça ne peut être pire ».
    je lis actuellement les Carnets de Soukhanov sur 17 pour lui, comme pour les protagonistes il y a le camp de la démocratie (les soviets) et celui des censitaires. C’était plus simple

    La question de la drogue est effectivement un problème central, un élément capital de la décomposition sociale, nourrie par la misère, la dégradation du système scolaire, la négation sociale de la connaissance. Et c’est un angle mort de la politique sauf celle répressive.

    Pour moi qui vit actuellement sur deux petites villes (Saint-Amand Montrond et Yzeure) la grande difficulté est de surmonter la contradiction entre un mouvement dont les seules colonnes vertébrales restent les appareils syndicaux : Fn en apparence absent sauf dans les votes, PS PCF absent sauf parmi les élus, NUPES totalement absente sauf dans ce qu’en disent les médias et mouvement qui pourtant est traversé par tous ces influences .
    Il y a ceux qui sont passés de vote pour Macron au 2° tour pour au nom de la démocratie pour barrer la route au RN et qui maintenant scandent Macro démission et ceux qui scandent les mêmes mots d’ordre et ont probablement voté Le Pen mais se taisent.
    Ces derniers ne se sentent pas fascistes, ni d’extrême droite, ni même racistes (dans mon club de vélo j’ai cette palette souvent d’anciens électeurs PCF mais ils ont peur des immigrés ils ont la nostalgie d’un monde où ils étaient quelque chose : ouvrier respecté, enseignant reconnu, fonctionnaire considéré et qui désormais ne sont plus grand chose : comment rassembler en une force cet assemblage contradictoire sur le plan électoral :on est ramené à la question de la démocratie directe.

  2. “. l’économiste Stilitz ” :

    lire l’économiste Joseph E. Stiglitz.

    réf. : .wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_E._Stiglitz

    MB

    ***

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